CNC router machines typically perform three basic tasks: drilling holes, routing patterns on cutting, and faces straight or curved parts from flat wood-based sheets. This article will explore some main sorts of machines that execute these tasks.
5 axis CNC router machine facilities are rather sophisticated and commonly called pods and railings or point-to-point machines. These machines are mainly used to drill horizontal and vertical holes on pre-cut flat wood panels. Many submersible machines additionally use drill bits to do routing on the face of the panel.
Nevertheless, the principal function is usually to drill holes. Pre-shaped wooden panels are on movable pods and fastened in place throughout the drilling process by vacuum through the pods or by mechanical clamping – particularly for smaller pieces. CNC machining centers typically have two or more work areas that adapt multi-field drilling/routing.
CNC horizontal table routers are commonly known as CNC routers. These machines are mainly used for measuring (routing) the panels in addition to making mixed parts out of the panels. Panels are usually made of sheet or strong timber, mixed timber, plastic or non-ferrous metals.
The panels being routed are fixed to the machining table with mechanical clamps or by vacuum suction. A router usually has one or two working tables. They can have one or four router heads at the same moment. Most routers also perform drilling, even though their primary function is routing.
The secondary process of forming components from large panels is called nesting. The nesting process optimizes the manufacture of parts to obtain the greatest possible yields from given horizontal panel sheets.